Policy Briefing

One size does not fit all: A cross-country comparison of policy instruments used to support firm-level innovation and science

ERC Policy Briefing

Associated Themes
  • Innovation

Cross-country, comparative analysis provides a powerful tool for policy evaluation, whilst also offering much potential for policy learning and improvement. In this report we present an analysis of innovation and science policy instruments available to firms in eight countries: Ireland, Germany, the United Kingdom (UK), Belgium, Denmark, Israel, Singapore, and Norway. These countries are all highly active in providing support for firm-level innovation and science, between them allocating in the region of €17 billion in 2017 alone, through a wide variety of policy instruments targeted at firms. Our report is unique in terms of the level of detail provided. Such detail enables a better understanding of the mechanisms through which policy instruments impact firms’ innovation and science outcomes.