James Hayton

Associate Dean Doctoral Programme, Warwick Business School

James’ research interests are in the applied psychology of entrepreneurship and the application of HRM practices to the development of entrepreneurial capabilities in established organisations.

Contact Details

Email:[email protected]
Telephone:024 765 22233

Research Themes

  • Management and Leadership


James Hayton is Professor of Human Resource Management (HRM) and Entrepreneurship and Associate Dean of the Doctoral Programme at Warwick Business School He is an established international scholar with a large number of successful research collaborations.  Capacity for entrepreneurship and strategic renewal. In a second stream he focuses on the influence of cultural and psychological factors on entrepreneurial behaviour.

His research has been published in scholarly outlets such as the Journal of Business Venturing, Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, HRM, Organisational Research Methods, Multi-variate Behavioural Research, R&D Management and several other journals and books.  James was CI in a collaborative project between Zhejiang University and SDA Bocconi which was jointly funded by those two institutions and on a project with Malos and Sehili, funded by Mineta Transportation Institute at San Jose State University (2003) for the investigation of the impact of wireless internet facilities on intercity trains on commuter behaviour (in the US), the work was presented at Informs (US) and published as a policy white paper by the Mineta Transportation Institute.  He is Editor in Chief of the journal Human Resource Management and is an Editor at Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, one of two leading international journals in the entrepreneurship field. He has served previously as chair of the International Committee of the HR Division of the Academy of Management, where he received the ‘distinguished service award’ in 2010, and currently serves as Chair of the International Committee of the Entrepreneurship Division. Although he has not previously collaborated directly with other members of the group, he is a frequent collaborator with Professors Deniz Ucbasaran and Andy Lockett.

Research Paper

Fear of Failure and Entrepreneurship: A Review and Direction for Future Research – Research Paper No 24

One of the most common fears among entrepreneurs is called the fear of failure (Bosma et al. 2008). Drawing on psychological and socio-psychological theories, the experience of fear of failure can be described as the appraisal of threats in evaluative situations with the potential for failure (Conroy 2001). These situations activate cognitive schema or beliefs associated with the aversive consequences of failing and may cause different behavioural responses: approach the threat aggressively (fight), avoid facing the situation (flight), or be paralyzed in the situation (freeze) (Conroy 2004; Gray 1971; Elliot 1997). However, an examination of the entrepreneurship literature shows that the fear of failure is predominantly assumed to be a barrier to entrepreneurship.

Research Paper

Is There An Entrepreneurial Culture? Research Paper No 16.

Understanding the impact of national culture alone and in interaction with other contextual factors, is important for refining our knowledge of how entrepreneurs think and act. This paper presents a review of the literature on the link between cultural values and entrepreneurial beliefs, motives and behaviours. It suggests that there may not be a single entrepreneurial culture and suggests areas for future research.

Research Paper

Developing Alliance Formation Process Capabilities. Research Paper No 13.

This paper examines the processes that firms use to form strategic alliances. Drawing on data from 1063 US based firms who created R&D consortia over a 22 year period, it considers whether companies replicate existing approaches, gained from prior experience, in forming subsequent alliances or whether they can develop new skills as they adapt to changing conditions. It suggests that prior experience is a significant factor affecting subsequent formation processes and longer experience tends to increase the chances that firms will replicate a given approach. It also finds that smaller firms may be more able to flex their approach.

Research Paper

HRM, Organisational Culture and Entrepreneurial Capabilities. Research Paper No 5.

This paper explores the role of individual and collective knowledge processes in the capacities for acquiring, integrating and exploiting new knowledge and the influences they exert on long term organisational performance and growth.

Research Paper

Understanding Fear of Failure in Enterpreneurship. Research Paper No 3.

There is a broadly held assumption within the entrepreneurship literature that fear of failure is always and only an inhibitor of entrepreneurial behaviour. This paper provides a theoretic framework of the antecedents, moderators and consequences of fear of failure.

White Paper

Entrepreneurial Leadership, Capabilities and Growth. White Paper No 2.

SME growth depends upon substantive growth capabilities, which are shaped by the upstream issues of leadership and capability development. This paper presents a review of the existing evidence.